British Literature

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Great Britain gave the world a lot of talented people. Many famous writers and poets were born and lived in Great Britain.

One of the best known English playwrights was William Shakespeare. He draw ideas for his tragedies and comedies from the history of England and ancient Rome. Many experts consider Shakespeare the greatest writer and the greatest playwright in English language. William Shakespeare wrote 37 plays which may be divided into: comedies (such as "A Midsummer Night's Dream"), tragedies (such as "Hamlet", "Othello", "King Lear", "Macbeth") and historical plays (such as "Richard II", "Henry V", "Julius Caesar", "Antony and Cleopatra").

Robert Burns represents the generation of Romantic writers. In his poems he described with love and understanding the simple life he knew. Among his well-known poems are "Halloween", "The Jolly Beggars", "To a Mouse".

Lord George Gordon Byron. His free-spirited life style combined with his rare poetic gift makes him one of the most famous figures of the Romantic Era. His famous works such as "Stanzas to Augusta", "The Prisoner of Chillon", "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage", "Manfred" draw readers into the passion, humors and conviction of a poet whose life and work truly embodied the Romantic spirit.

Sir Walter Scott wrote the first examples of historical novel.

Lewis Carroll became famous when he published "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland".

Британская литература

Великобритания дала миру множество талантливых людей. Много знаменитых, писателей и поэтов родились и жили в Великобритании.

Одним из самых известных английских драматургов был Вильям Шекспир. Он брал идеи для своих трагедий и комедий из истории Англии и Древнего Рима. Многие эксперты считают Шекспира величайшим писателем и величайшим драматургом, писавшим на английском языке. Вильям Шекспир написал 37 пьес, которые можно разделить на комедии (например, "Сон в летнюю ночь"), трагедии (как "Гамлет", "Отелло", "Король Лир", "Макбет") и исторические пьесы (как "Ричард П", "Генрих V", "Юлий Цезарь", "Антоний и Клеопатра").

Роберт Берне представляет поколение писателей эпохи романтизма. В своих поэмах он с любовью и пониманием описывал простую жизнь, которую он знал. Наиболее известными его поэмами являются "День всех святых", "Веселые нищие", "К мыши".

Джордж Гордон Ноэл Байрон. Его одухотворенный стиль жизни в совокупности с редким поэтическим даром сделали его одной из самых известных фигур эпохи романтизма. Его знаменитые работы, такие как "Стансы к Августе", "Шильонский узник", "Паломничество Чайльд Гарольда", "Манфред", вводят читателей в страстность, юмор и убеждения поэта, чья жизнь и деятельность действительно олицетворяет дух романтизма.

Сэр Вальтер Скотт написал первые исторические романы.

Льюис Кэрролл стал знаменитым, когда опубликовал "Приключения Алисы в Стране чудес".

Questions:

1. Who is the best known English playwright?

2. What are the most famous plays by Shakespeare?

3. Who is Robert Burns?

4. What makes George Byron famous?

5. What are the best known works by Byron?

6. Who wrote historical novels?

7. What brought popularity to Lewis Carroll?

Vocabulary:

playwright — драматург

tragedy — трагедия

comedy — комедия

to represent — представлять

rare — редкий

pilgrimage — паломничество

passion — страсть

conviction — осуждение, убеждение

wonderland — страна чудес

Список литературы

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